Social Engineering: Meaning, Types of Attacks and How to Prevent

Cybercrime is increasingly being discussed in this modern era. One of the crimes that has become a hot topic in society is Social Engineering and have you ever heard of what social engineering?

Social engineering fraud technique online, where individuals trick or manipulate victims to get the victim’s personal data and access.

To prevent these crimes, identify what social engineering, the types of attacks, and ways to prevent them. Come on, see more in the following explanation!

Know What is Social Engineering and How to Prevent

It What is Social Engineering?

What is social engineering? Social engineering is the art of manipulating the use of human error to obtain important information. This crime can occur online, via telephone and sms, and other unexpected interactions. This mode of social engineering generally has two specific goals, namely to sabotage and steal.

The success of social engineering depends on the ability of the perpetrator to manipulate the victim. The manipulation referred to in this fraud mode is psychological manipulation, where the perpetrator influences the victim’s mind through images, sounds, and persuasive writing. That way, the victim will answer or follow the perpetrator’s instructions without realizing it, and without suspecting it.

Different from ordinary hacking, these crimes can be non-technical in nature and don’t necessarily involve exploiting software or systems. So, nowadays, social engineering is considered as one of the biggest security threats facing many organizations, or individuals.

How Social Engineering Works The way social engineering

works is very structured, the attacker first plans an attack strategy. Before committing the crime, the attacker will collect information about the background and activities of the victim. Then, the attacker will build trust in the victim by establishing a relationship or starting interaction with the target via email, social media.

Types of Social Engineering

  1. Baiting

This type of attack is the most common. This type social engineering depends on the victim taking the bait. Baiting is done by luring the victim with gifts, money, and so on. The attacker will lure the victim with a bait to get into the device, and then steal personal information, or device expose the victim malware.

  1. Phishing

Phishing is a type of social engineering that uses manipulation and fraud techniques through websites, emails, and text messages to steal victim information. The perpetrator will send a link which, when clicked, will direct the victim to a website that contains malware. That way, it will be easier for the perpetrator to take over the victim’s account or access the victim’s important information. Phishing can also be in the form of calls from perpetrators who claim to be customer service banks or fintechs that require complete data.

  1. Pretexting

In pretexting the perpetrator obtains information from the lies that are made. Perpetrators often pretend to need the victim’s important information to do an important thing or task.

  1. Spear Phishing

This type of spear phishing is carried out in a more structured manner, where the perpetrator will choose a particular individual or company. The perpetrator will adjust the message according to the work position, characteristics, and contact of the victim.

  1. Tailgating Tailgating

of attack type is carried out by stalking or following someone who has important access, such as company employees, in order to enter the system area that cannot be accessed by strangers.

How to Prevent Social Engineering

Of course everyone should be aware of all the possibilities that can threaten their personal data. Here are the steps to prevent social engineering:

  • Avoid clicking suspicious links, and downloading unknown documents;
  • Double-check the source of the site you want to open;
  • Never give out passwords accounts online credit, debit, and internet banking;
  • Do not use public wifi when opening the internet or mobile banking;
  • Don’t talk to strangers;
  • Secure device. Install, maintain, regularly update anti-virus software, firewalls, and email filters;
  • Do not pick up or hang up calls directly from suspicious numbers claiming to be CS banks, fintech, or cellular phone providers who ask for personal data such as ID cards or debit and credit cards;
  • Always be aware of the risk of losing personal data and important information.